Bleeding gums are never normal, despite the fact that they are very common. Healthy gums are firm, tightly attached around the teeth and they do not bleed under any circumstances.
If you’re noticing bleeding while brushing that may be an early sign of gum disease and sometimes this may be enhanced by a number of other health problems. Even if occasionally occurs, gingival bleeding should not be ignored. It is important to understand that there is a problem that require treatment.
Gingival bleeding is caused by the bacterial plaque, which can irritate the gums, resulting in redness, bleeding and inflammation. Gingivitis, which is the early stage of periodontal disease, is the most common cause of gingival bleeding. Bleeding occurs especially when eating or brushing. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis and, ultimately, to tooth loss. However, there are also other factors that can contribute to gingival bleeding, factors which you should know and avoid.
- Cavities, especially those which are adiacent to the gum, act as a permanent irritant for it and maintain an increased level of plaque, causing gum bleeding and gingivitis.
- An aggressive dental brush technique, along the use of an abrasive toothpaste can do more harm than good to teeth and gums, leading to bleeding and gum retractions.
- Hormonal changes, occurring during pregnancy as well as during puberty may lead to gum inflammation, which is why dental control is important every 3 to 6 months in the pregnant woman and every 6 months in puberty children.
- Coagulation disorders. Gingival bleeding is one of the symptoms of clotting disorders, such as thrombophilia (which may be hereditary or acquired) or haemophilia (hereditary). Coagulation disorders may be due to vitamin K deficiency or to certain diseases, such liver disease..
Dental control is recommended before any treatment, before using any mouthwash or special toothpaste for gingival bleeding because if we do not treat the cause, the bleeding does not disappear. Treatment of gingival bleeding can often be very simple: professional hygiene in the dental office, learning a proper brushing technique, treatment of cavity, or replacing unadjusted fillings.
Asist. Univ. Dr. Mariana Carămidă
Dentist, Smilemed Clinic
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