Glossary of Dental Terms

Sometimes you are overwhelmed by the abundance of terms you hear at the dentist. You know that you are going to the dentist, but you are told that you should visit the office of an endodontist and an orthodontist, that you have to undergo an obturation or a resection … But the only medical term you know is milling and extraction. Let’s make more clear this professional terms so that next time you visit the dentist’s office to be more relaxed:


  1. Pedodontist-is a doctor which provides specialized dental care to children. Treatments of children’s teeth are essential because the early loss of temporary teeth (milk teeth) can cause various complications of definitive teeth eruption which may have unwanted repercussions in adult life. Therefore, the early treatment of any disease is extremely important, as is the use of modern methods that prevent the occurrence of caries at young ages. Also, children should be educated from early ages to perform a proper teeth care.
  2. Endodontist – is the doctor who is taking care to preserve as much as possible the natural dentition. The term “endodontics” comes from the Greek language and means “the inside of the tooth.” Endodontic treatment consists of preventing, diagnosing and treating the tooth pulp diseases.
  3. Orthodontist-is a doctor specialized in prevention and treatment of misaligned teeth. It is vital that the teeth be in perfect condition not only form aesthetic point of view but also because, due to position abnormalities, early cavities may occur, the masticatory muscles may be affected and the tooth life will be impaired.
  4. Treatment plan-is a rehabilitation plan for the oral health. In most cases, we go to the dentist just when the pain becomes hardly bearable. But, this delay has usually consequences: extractions, the need for implants or more complex treatments, etc. The correct treatment plan involves both preprotetic steps-when odontous and endodontic disorders are treated and the pain is alleviated-as well as prosthetic stages–when dental works are performed, such as crowns or implants.
  5. Tooth migration-When a tooth is missing or has been lost, the remaining teeth feel the free space and try to fill it. However, the problems that arise from this migration are serious and can affect the entire dentition.
  6. Gingivitis-Chronic inflammation of the papilla and of free gingival margin due to microbial flora existing in the oral cavity. Symptoms are inflammation and gums bleeding, swelling, and redness.
  7. Resection–Surgical method used to remove the pathological periapical tissue. Most of the time, it can be done after performing a root canal treatment and a filling.

Dr. Ionut Florea

Dentist, Smilemed Clinic

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